The use of expectiles in risk management has recently gathered remarkable momentum due to their excellent axiomatic and probabilistic properties. In particular, the class of elicitable law-invariant coherent risk measures only consists of expectiles. While the theory of expectile estimation at central levels is substantial, tail estimation at extreme levels has so far only been considered when the tail of the underlying distribution is heavy. This article is the first work to handle the short-tailed setting where the loss (e.g. negative log-returns) distribution of interest is bounded to the right and the corresponding extreme value index is negative. This is motivated by the assessment of long-term market risk carried by low-frequency (e.g. weekly) returns of equities that show evidence of being generated from short-tailed distributions. We derive an asymptotic expansion of tail expectiles in this challenging context under a general second-order extreme value condition, which allows to come up with two semiparametric estimators of extreme expectiles, and with their asymptotic properties in a general model of strictly stationary but weakly dependent observations. We also extend the applicability of the proposed method to the regression setting. A simulation study and a real data analysis from a forecasting perspective are performed to compare the proposed competing estimation procedures.

Extreme expectile estimation for short-tailed data

Padoan, Simone A.;
2024

Abstract

The use of expectiles in risk management has recently gathered remarkable momentum due to their excellent axiomatic and probabilistic properties. In particular, the class of elicitable law-invariant coherent risk measures only consists of expectiles. While the theory of expectile estimation at central levels is substantial, tail estimation at extreme levels has so far only been considered when the tail of the underlying distribution is heavy. This article is the first work to handle the short-tailed setting where the loss (e.g. negative log-returns) distribution of interest is bounded to the right and the corresponding extreme value index is negative. This is motivated by the assessment of long-term market risk carried by low-frequency (e.g. weekly) returns of equities that show evidence of being generated from short-tailed distributions. We derive an asymptotic expansion of tail expectiles in this challenging context under a general second-order extreme value condition, which allows to come up with two semiparametric estimators of extreme expectiles, and with their asymptotic properties in a general model of strictly stationary but weakly dependent observations. We also extend the applicability of the proposed method to the regression setting. A simulation study and a real data analysis from a forecasting perspective are performed to compare the proposed competing estimation procedures.
2024
2024
Daouia, Abdelaati; Padoan, Simone A.; Stupfler, Gilles
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4064316
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