The geometrical features of the (non-convex) loss landscape of neural network models are crucial in ensuring successful optimization and, most importantly, the capability to generalize well. While minimizers' flatness consistently correlates with good generalization, there has been little rigorous work in exploring the condition of existence of such minimizers, even in toy models. Here we consider a simple neural network model, the symmetric perceptron, with binary weights. Phrasing the learning problem as a constraint satisfaction problem, the analogous of a flat minimizer becomes a large and dense cluster of solutions, while the narrowest minimizers are isolated solutions. We perform the first steps toward the rigorous proof of the existence of a dense cluster in certain regimes of the parameters, by computing the first and second moment upper bounds for the existence of pairs of arbitrarily close solutions. Moreover, we present a non rigorous derivation of the same bounds for sets of $y$ solutions at fixed pairwise distances.

Clustering of solutions in the symmetric binary perceptron

Carlo Baldassi;Riccardo Della Vecchia
;
Carlo Lucibello;Riccardo Zecchina
2020-01-01

Abstract

The geometrical features of the (non-convex) loss landscape of neural network models are crucial in ensuring successful optimization and, most importantly, the capability to generalize well. While minimizers' flatness consistently correlates with good generalization, there has been little rigorous work in exploring the condition of existence of such minimizers, even in toy models. Here we consider a simple neural network model, the symmetric perceptron, with binary weights. Phrasing the learning problem as a constraint satisfaction problem, the analogous of a flat minimizer becomes a large and dense cluster of solutions, while the narrowest minimizers are isolated solutions. We perform the first steps toward the rigorous proof of the existence of a dense cluster in certain regimes of the parameters, by computing the first and second moment upper bounds for the existence of pairs of arbitrarily close solutions. Moreover, we present a non rigorous derivation of the same bounds for sets of $y$ solutions at fixed pairwise distances.
2020
Baldassi, Carlo; DELLA VECCHIA, Riccardo; Lucibello, Carlo; Zecchina, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4032710
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