The new Gotthard axis is a rail route that seeks to induce the modal shift in Switzerland, in accordance with the Helvetic Constitution. The Federal office of Transport of the Confederation estimates that, thanks to the construction of the rail corridor composed by the Gotthard and the Ceneri base tunnels, as well as the Simplon-Lötschberg’s axis, Switzerland will manage an additional 50 million tons by rail per year with a great impact on the economic relations in Central Europe, between Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. The new base tunnel will be built at the root of the Aar, Tavesh and Saint Gotthard massifs, with an additional capacity of 250 trains/day (doubling the current capacity), permitting also a significant transit time reduction between Milan and Zurich. This 57 km long tunnel is expected to be opened by 2016 and it will be connected to the 15.4 km long Ceneri base tunnel on the south side, to be completed by 2019. The ambitious program for the development of the New Railway Link is based also on the development of a “4-Meter corridor” between Basel and Northern Italy, that will permit by 2020 to transport goods with 4-metre corner height semi-trailers along the Gotthard railway corridor and its southern and northern connections. Numerous adaptations will need to be made to tunnel profiles, catenary lines and platform roofs. Thanks to this measure rail freight traffic along the Gotthard corridor will become considerably more efficient. The aim of the paper is to identify the main benefits connected with the realization of this great infrastructural program focusing the analysis on the costs reduction for private rail undertakings and on the environmental benefits related to the passage through Alps.

Il nuovo asse ferroviario del Gottardo: effetti trasportistici e ambientali

BACCELLI, OLIVIERO;
2014

Abstract

The new Gotthard axis is a rail route that seeks to induce the modal shift in Switzerland, in accordance with the Helvetic Constitution. The Federal office of Transport of the Confederation estimates that, thanks to the construction of the rail corridor composed by the Gotthard and the Ceneri base tunnels, as well as the Simplon-Lötschberg’s axis, Switzerland will manage an additional 50 million tons by rail per year with a great impact on the economic relations in Central Europe, between Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. The new base tunnel will be built at the root of the Aar, Tavesh and Saint Gotthard massifs, with an additional capacity of 250 trains/day (doubling the current capacity), permitting also a significant transit time reduction between Milan and Zurich. This 57 km long tunnel is expected to be opened by 2016 and it will be connected to the 15.4 km long Ceneri base tunnel on the south side, to be completed by 2019. The ambitious program for the development of the New Railway Link is based also on the development of a “4-Meter corridor” between Basel and Northern Italy, that will permit by 2020 to transport goods with 4-metre corner height semi-trailers along the Gotthard railway corridor and its southern and northern connections. Numerous adaptations will need to be made to tunnel profiles, catenary lines and platform roofs. Thanks to this measure rail freight traffic along the Gotthard corridor will become considerably more efficient. The aim of the paper is to identify the main benefits connected with the realization of this great infrastructural program focusing the analysis on the costs reduction for private rail undertakings and on the environmental benefits related to the passage through Alps.
Baccelli, Oliviero; Francesco, Barontini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11565/3975591
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