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|Titolo:||Whether to Integrate R&D and Marketing: The Effect of Firm Competence|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Autori interni:||RUBERA, GAIA|
|Autori:||Gaia Rubera;Andrea Ordanini;Roger Calantone|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT|
|Abstract:||Integration of research and development (R&D) with marketing remains a frequent topic in the new product development (NPD) literature, largely because it represents a critical antecedent of new product performance (NPP). Two divergent opinions about this integration exist, such that those who contend that firms should pursue high levels of integration in every case provoke criticisms from those who propose that various NPD processes require different levels of integration. This paper proposes that the two perspectives can be reconciled by taking into account the fact that R&D and marketing are integrated mainly to combine critical knowledge (technological and market) that otherwise would be separate to achieve market success. Following Danneels’s approach, we investigate how the effect of R&D– marketing integration on performance change across four types of NPD processes: pure exploitation, pure exploration, technological competence exploitation, and market competence exploitation. We propose that (1) higher performance will be associated with lower integration in pure exploitative projects; (2) in projects that exploit existing market knowledge, higher market performance will be associated with a higher integration, although these projects tend to offer poor process performance regardless of integration level; (3) in projects that exploit technical knowledge, higher performance will be associated with higher integration; and (4) higher integration will be associated with higher market performance but poorer process performance in pure explorative projects.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista Scientifica|
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