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|Titolo:||City Logistics in Italy: success factors and environmental performance|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Autori interni:||VAGHI, CARLO|
|Autori:||C. Vaghi; M. Percoco|
|Titolo del libro:||City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport - Multiple Perspectives|
|Tutti i curatori:||C. Macharis, S.Melo|
|Abstract:||The city logistics experience has boomed in Italy in recent years, due to the deployment of specific funding programmes by the National Government, Regions and other public bodies. Ten experiments - called “city logistics systems” in the present work - are active in Italy, with different degrees of success among the public and different paths for acceptance by stakeholders such as shopkeepers, retailers, third party transport operators, etc. The result is a large number of city logistics projects to which does not correspond a definition of common success drivers defined on the basis of from peculiar characteristics of operational and business models. Thus a “national city logistics model” has never been accepted or imposed by law, despite the call for common rules on the access to the city centre, loading/unloading time windows, and use of reserved lanes by freight operators. Italian cities have benefited from being “second movers” versus less recent experiences started in various European countries in the Nineties, i.e. they have learnt from positive and negative lessons of those experiences, being at least more careful in starting city logistics where any possible failure factor was present. The result is that one interrupted case only is reported in Italy, and that more practices are active than in Germany (as the “European pilot country” in city logistics). In the present work, the main city logistics systems active in Italy will be described, with the aim to gather the common “success” factors, i.e. the factors which are mainly contributing to reach the city logistics’ main goals, which are the decreasing of air pollution and congestion in the urban environment. The paper will analyse deeply the results of the appraisal of environmental performance of the “best practice” city logistics case in Italy (Cityporto at Padova), and its contribution to the CO2 reduction. The Cost-Benefit Analysis made after five operating years of the experiment on a city logistics case showed that environmental benefits generated are valued largely above the public grants employed for the start-up.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||20 - Contributo in volume Capitolo o Saggio Scientifico|
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