Variable annuities with Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefits (GMWB) entitle the policy holder to periodic withdrawals together with a terminal payoff linked to the performance of an equity fund. In this paper, we consider the valuation of a general class of GMWB annuities, allowing for step-up, bonus and surrender features, taking also into account mortality risk and death benefits. When dynamic withdrawals are allowed, the valuation of GMWB annuities leads to a stochastic optimal control problem, which we address here by dynamic programming techniques. Adopting a Hull-White interest rate model, correlated with the equity fund, we propose an efficient tree-based algorithm. We perform a thorough analysis of the determinants of the market value of GMWB annuities and of the optimal withdrawal strategies. In particular, we study the impact of a low/negative interest rate environment. Our findings indicate that low/negative rates profoundly affect the optimal withdrawal behaviour and, in combination with step-up and bonus features, increase significantly the fair values of GMWB annuities, which can only be compensated by large management fees.& COPY; 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons .org /licenses /by /4 .0/).

Valuation of general GMWB annuities in a low interest rate environment

Rotondi, Francesco
2023

Abstract

Variable annuities with Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefits (GMWB) entitle the policy holder to periodic withdrawals together with a terminal payoff linked to the performance of an equity fund. In this paper, we consider the valuation of a general class of GMWB annuities, allowing for step-up, bonus and surrender features, taking also into account mortality risk and death benefits. When dynamic withdrawals are allowed, the valuation of GMWB annuities leads to a stochastic optimal control problem, which we address here by dynamic programming techniques. Adopting a Hull-White interest rate model, correlated with the equity fund, we propose an efficient tree-based algorithm. We perform a thorough analysis of the determinants of the market value of GMWB annuities and of the optimal withdrawal strategies. In particular, we study the impact of a low/negative interest rate environment. Our findings indicate that low/negative rates profoundly affect the optimal withdrawal behaviour and, in combination with step-up and bonus features, increase significantly the fair values of GMWB annuities, which can only be compensated by large management fees.& COPY; 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons .org /licenses /by /4 .0/).
2023
2023
Fontana, Claudio; Rotondi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4063817
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