The Italian National Recovery and Resilience Plan allocated € 7 Bn for community care. In May 2022, the Italian government issued a Decree to define the strategy for the development of community-based integrated care. The reform aims to create uniformly a network of services close to where patients live, thus overcoming geographical disparities between regions. The strategy is based on a strong role of the central government in community care, but still leaves autonomy to regions. Levelling availability of services across territories, setting uniform targets with a short period horizon and disregarding starting points may create important implementation problems. Financial constraints will also hamper the implementation of the reform. Ultimately the development of Italian community care will depend on the institutional and managerial capabilities of regions and local health authorities. Firstly, they should shape the actual implementation of community care services by defining organizational arrangements, priority targets and models of care delivery. Secondly, they should develop strategies to face the lack of financial resources and the shortage of healthcare workforce. This contribution informs international readers about a major policy in a European country and its implementation challenges. It offers insights into inter-government relations in NHS-type healthcare systems (Nordic countries and Spain), showcasing the complexity of policymaking involving multiple political actors and resulting indeterminacy of policies and their implementation.

The 2022 community-based integrated care reform in Italy: from desiderata to implementation

Cinelli, Gianmario
;
Fattore, Giovanni
2024

Abstract

The Italian National Recovery and Resilience Plan allocated € 7 Bn for community care. In May 2022, the Italian government issued a Decree to define the strategy for the development of community-based integrated care. The reform aims to create uniformly a network of services close to where patients live, thus overcoming geographical disparities between regions. The strategy is based on a strong role of the central government in community care, but still leaves autonomy to regions. Levelling availability of services across territories, setting uniform targets with a short period horizon and disregarding starting points may create important implementation problems. Financial constraints will also hamper the implementation of the reform. Ultimately the development of Italian community care will depend on the institutional and managerial capabilities of regions and local health authorities. Firstly, they should shape the actual implementation of community care services by defining organizational arrangements, priority targets and models of care delivery. Secondly, they should develop strategies to face the lack of financial resources and the shortage of healthcare workforce. This contribution informs international readers about a major policy in a European country and its implementation challenges. It offers insights into inter-government relations in NHS-type healthcare systems (Nordic countries and Spain), showcasing the complexity of policymaking involving multiple political actors and resulting indeterminacy of policies and their implementation.
2024
2023
Cinelli, Gianmario; Fattore, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4061830
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