Background: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the fragmented nature of governmental policy deci-sions in Europe. However, the extent to which COVID-19 vaccination policies differed between European countries remains unclear. Here, we mapped the COVID-19 vaccination policies that were in effect in January 2022 as well as booster regulations in April 2022 in Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and Spain. Methods: National public health and health policy experts from these ten European nations developed and completed an electronic questionnaire. The questionnaire included a series of questions that addressed six critical components of vaccine implementation, including (1) authorization, (2) prioritiza-tion, (3) procurement and distribution, (4) data collection, (5) administration, and (6) mandate require-ments.Results: Our findings revealed significant variations in COVID-19 vaccination policies across Europe. We observed critical differences in COVID-19 vaccine formulations authorized for use, as well as the specific groups that were provided with priority access. We also identified discrepancies in how vaccination-related data were recorded in each country and what vaccination requirements were implemented.Conclusion: Each of the ten European nations surveyed in this study reported different COVID-19 vacci-nation policies. These differences complicated efforts to provide a coordinated pandemic response. These findings might alert policymakers in Europe of the need to coordinate their efforts to avoid fostering divergent and socially disruptive policies.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Divergent COVID-19 vaccine policies: policy mapping of ten European countries

Torbica, Aleksandra;Wang, Yuxi;
2023

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the fragmented nature of governmental policy deci-sions in Europe. However, the extent to which COVID-19 vaccination policies differed between European countries remains unclear. Here, we mapped the COVID-19 vaccination policies that were in effect in January 2022 as well as booster regulations in April 2022 in Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and Spain. Methods: National public health and health policy experts from these ten European nations developed and completed an electronic questionnaire. The questionnaire included a series of questions that addressed six critical components of vaccine implementation, including (1) authorization, (2) prioritiza-tion, (3) procurement and distribution, (4) data collection, (5) administration, and (6) mandate require-ments.Results: Our findings revealed significant variations in COVID-19 vaccination policies across Europe. We observed critical differences in COVID-19 vaccine formulations authorized for use, as well as the specific groups that were provided with priority access. We also identified discrepancies in how vaccination-related data were recorded in each country and what vaccination requirements were implemented.Conclusion: Each of the ten European nations surveyed in this study reported different COVID-19 vacci-nation policies. These differences complicated efforts to provide a coordinated pandemic response. These findings might alert policymakers in Europe of the need to coordinate their efforts to avoid fostering divergent and socially disruptive policies.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
2023
2023
van Kessel, Robin; Forman, Rebecca; Milstein, Ricarda; Mastylak, Alicja; Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Czypionka, Thomas; Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle; Hirche, Anja; Krysinska-Pisarek, Magdalena; Maynou, Laia; Roberts, Bjelle; Torbica, Aleksandra; Vrangbæk, Karsten; Wang, Yuxi; Wouters, Olivier J; Mossialos, Elias
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4061583
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