Aim: This paper investigates the prevalence and determinants of three main states of people's willing-ness to be vaccinated (WTBV) against COVID-19 - willing, unwilling and hesitant - and the occurrence and predictors of shifts between these states over time. Understanding the dynamics of vaccine inten-tions is crucial for developing targeted campaigns to increase uptake and emergency response prepared-ness.Study design: A panel survey consisting of 9 quarterly waves of data collected between April 2020 and January 2022. Baseline data included 24 952 adults from Germany, UK, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Portugal, and Italy recruited from online panels to construct census-matched nationally represen-tative samples.Methods and measures: Self-reported COVID-19 vaccine intention was the main outcome. Multinomial logit random effects models were used to analyze the relationships of interest. All results reported as rel-ative risk ratios (RRR).Results: Hesitancy to get vaccinated was the most unstable vaccine intention, with on average 42% of ever hesitant respondents remaining in this state through future waves, followed by the 'unwilling' (53%) and 'willing (82%). Following COVID-19 news, trust in information from the government, GPs and the WHO, risk preferences, risk perceptions, and confidence in vaccines (or lack thereof) predicted vaccination intention reversals. Risk preferences acted both as an impediment and as a facilitator for the vaccine uptake depending on the initial vaccine intention.Conclusions and relevance: This study revealed the dynamic nature of COVID-19 vaccine intentions and its predictors in 7 European countries. The findings provide insights to policymakers for designing more effective communication strategies, particularly targeted at hesitant and unwilling to vaccinate popula-tion groups, to increase vaccine uptake for future public health emergencies.& COPY; 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Vaccine hesitancy comes in waves: longitudinal evidence on willingness to vaccinate against COVID-19 from seven European countries

Sabat, Iryna;Torbica, Aleksandra;
2023

Abstract

Aim: This paper investigates the prevalence and determinants of three main states of people's willing-ness to be vaccinated (WTBV) against COVID-19 - willing, unwilling and hesitant - and the occurrence and predictors of shifts between these states over time. Understanding the dynamics of vaccine inten-tions is crucial for developing targeted campaigns to increase uptake and emergency response prepared-ness.Study design: A panel survey consisting of 9 quarterly waves of data collected between April 2020 and January 2022. Baseline data included 24 952 adults from Germany, UK, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Portugal, and Italy recruited from online panels to construct census-matched nationally represen-tative samples.Methods and measures: Self-reported COVID-19 vaccine intention was the main outcome. Multinomial logit random effects models were used to analyze the relationships of interest. All results reported as rel-ative risk ratios (RRR).Results: Hesitancy to get vaccinated was the most unstable vaccine intention, with on average 42% of ever hesitant respondents remaining in this state through future waves, followed by the 'unwilling' (53%) and 'willing (82%). Following COVID-19 news, trust in information from the government, GPs and the WHO, risk preferences, risk perceptions, and confidence in vaccines (or lack thereof) predicted vaccination intention reversals. Risk preferences acted both as an impediment and as a facilitator for the vaccine uptake depending on the initial vaccine intention.Conclusions and relevance: This study revealed the dynamic nature of COVID-19 vaccine intentions and its predictors in 7 European countries. The findings provide insights to policymakers for designing more effective communication strategies, particularly targeted at hesitant and unwilling to vaccinate popula-tion groups, to increase vaccine uptake for future public health emergencies.& COPY; 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
2023
2023
Sabat, Iryna; Neumann-Böhme, Sebastian; Barros, Pedro Pita; Torbica, Aleksandra; van Exel, Job; Brouwer, Werner; Stargardt, Tom; Schreyögg, Jonas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4061579
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