Regulation of hematopoiesis during human development remains poorly defined. Here we applied single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single-cell assay for transposase-accessible chromatin sequencing (scATAC-seq) to over 8,000 human immunophenotypic blood cells from fetal liver and bone marrow. We inferred their differentiation trajectory and identified three highly proliferative oligopotent progenitor populations downstream of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs)/multipotent progenitors (MPPs). Along this trajectory, we observed opposing patterns of chromatin accessibility and differentiation that coincided with dynamic changes in the activity of distinct lineage-specific transcription factors. Integrative analysis of chromatin accessibility and gene expression revealed extensive epigenetic but not transcriptional priming of HSCs/MPPs prior to their lineage commitment. Finally, we refined and functionally validated the sorting strategy for the HSCs/MPPs and achieved around 90% enrichment. Our study provides a useful framework for future investigation of human developmental hematopoiesis in the context of blood pathologies and regenerative medicine. Ranzoni et al. provide a detailed transcriptional and chromatin accessibility map of fetal liver and bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Within HSCs, they revealed extensive epigenetic but not transcriptional priming. They identified transcriptional and functional differences between HSCs from liver and bone marrow.

Integrative single-cell RNA-seq and ATAC-seq analysis of human developmental hematopoiesis

Tangherloni, Andrea;
2021

Abstract

Regulation of hematopoiesis during human development remains poorly defined. Here we applied single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single-cell assay for transposase-accessible chromatin sequencing (scATAC-seq) to over 8,000 human immunophenotypic blood cells from fetal liver and bone marrow. We inferred their differentiation trajectory and identified three highly proliferative oligopotent progenitor populations downstream of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs)/multipotent progenitors (MPPs). Along this trajectory, we observed opposing patterns of chromatin accessibility and differentiation that coincided with dynamic changes in the activity of distinct lineage-specific transcription factors. Integrative analysis of chromatin accessibility and gene expression revealed extensive epigenetic but not transcriptional priming of HSCs/MPPs prior to their lineage commitment. Finally, we refined and functionally validated the sorting strategy for the HSCs/MPPs and achieved around 90% enrichment. Our study provides a useful framework for future investigation of human developmental hematopoiesis in the context of blood pathologies and regenerative medicine. Ranzoni et al. provide a detailed transcriptional and chromatin accessibility map of fetal liver and bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Within HSCs, they revealed extensive epigenetic but not transcriptional priming. They identified transcriptional and functional differences between HSCs from liver and bone marrow.
2021
2020
Ranzoni, Anna Maria; Tangherloni, Andrea; Berest, Ivan; Riva, Simone Giovanni; Myers, Brynelle; Strzelecka, Paulina M.; Xu, Jiarui; Panada, Elisa; Mohorianu, Irina; Zaugg, Judith B.; Cvejic, Ana
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/4059019
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