This paper discusses application and results of global sensitivity analysis techniques to probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) models, and their comparison to importance measures. This comparison allows one to understand whether PSA elements that are important to the risk, as revealed by importance measures, are also important contributors to the model uncertainty, as revealed by global sensitivity analysis. We show that, due to epistemic dependence, uncertainty and global sensitivity analysis of PSA models must be performed at the parameter level. A difficulty arises, since standard codes produce the calculations at the basic event level. We discuss both the indirect comparison through importance measures computed for basic events, and the direct comparison performed using the differential importance measure and the Fussell–Vesely importance at the parameter level. Results are discussed for the large LLOCA sequence of the advanced test reactor PSA.

Comparison of Importance Measures and Global Sensitivity Analysis Techniques in PSA

BORGONOVO, EMANUELE;
2003

Abstract

This paper discusses application and results of global sensitivity analysis techniques to probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) models, and their comparison to importance measures. This comparison allows one to understand whether PSA elements that are important to the risk, as revealed by importance measures, are also important contributors to the model uncertainty, as revealed by global sensitivity analysis. We show that, due to epistemic dependence, uncertainty and global sensitivity analysis of PSA models must be performed at the parameter level. A difficulty arises, since standard codes produce the calculations at the basic event level. We discuss both the indirect comparison through importance measures computed for basic events, and the direct comparison performed using the differential importance measure and the Fussell–Vesely importance at the parameter level. Results are discussed for the large LLOCA sequence of the advanced test reactor PSA.
2003
Borgonovo, Emanuele; Apostolakis, G. E.; Tarantola, S; Saltelli, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/40070
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