Unified growth theory suggests the fertility decline was crucial for achieving long-term growth, yet the causes behind that decline are still not entirely clear from an empirical point of view. In particular for France, the first country to experience this demographic transition in the European context, the reasons why some areas of the country had lower fertility than others are poorly under-stood. Using département level data for the last quarter of the nineteenth cen-tury, this paper exploits the French regional variation to study the correlates of fertility, estimating various fixed-effects models. The findings confirm the im-portance of some of the forces suggested by standard fertility choice models. Education in general, female education in particular, for example, seems to be crucial. Results also highlight the relevance of non-economic factors (such as secularisation), for which I provide new measurements. The presence of spa-tial dependence also suggests that diffusion of fertility played a particular role.

Old habits die hard (sometimes)

MURPHY, TOMAS ERIC
2015

Abstract

Unified growth theory suggests the fertility decline was crucial for achieving long-term growth, yet the causes behind that decline are still not entirely clear from an empirical point of view. In particular for France, the first country to experience this demographic transition in the European context, the reasons why some areas of the country had lower fertility than others are poorly under-stood. Using département level data for the last quarter of the nineteenth cen-tury, this paper exploits the French regional variation to study the correlates of fertility, estimating various fixed-effects models. The findings confirm the im-portance of some of the forces suggested by standard fertility choice models. Education in general, female education in particular, for example, seems to be crucial. Results also highlight the relevance of non-economic factors (such as secularisation), for which I provide new measurements. The presence of spa-tial dependence also suggests that diffusion of fertility played a particular role.
2015
Murphy, TOMAS ERIC
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11565/3977127
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