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|Titolo:||THE LOCAL PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF MUNICH URBAN AREA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Autori interni:||LONGO, FRANCESCO|
|Abstract:||In the Munich urban area (2.4 million inhabitants), ten local governments provide their communities with a local transport system (the Municipality of Munich, the Land Bayern and 8 provinces). For this purpose, they employ 55 publicly-owned and privately-owned companies. On one side, local governments are responsible for purchasing the services that transport companies provide; on the other side, they are the owners of some of the providing companies. This local scenario is made more difficult by the fact that two key players in the game (the Municipality of Munich and the Land Bayern) have different political orientations and an intenseve conflict. How can we best organise this inter-institutional scenario? In 1972, a public inter-institutional company was set up called MVV (Muenchener Verkehrs und Tariefverbund, Gmbh), which is considered an example of international best practice. MVV is responsible for planning and co-ordinating the local transport system in the Munich urban area. In 30 years, the system has become highly integrated with good quality standards, building on increasing technical co-operation between the different public administrations involved. Provision of services has always been assigned directly to the providers. In 2000, we are at a critical point since there is increasing pressure from the EU to introduce competitive tenders in the local transport sector. This will change the structure of the relationships between MVV, local governments and transport companies. MVV has to be transformed, will it become: (1) a full purchasing agency; (2) a consultant company for local purchasers; or (3) a referee in a dispute?|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||84 - Casi pubblicati in Collane Internazionali|
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