The role of infrastructure as a factor of growth and development of countries and regions is often considered to be crucial. Among the various types of transport infrastructure, airports are considered as particularly strategic because of the increasing importance of air transport in connecting territories. This paper studies the impact of airports on Italian provinces. To this end, it builds on the framework proposed by Brueckner, where sectoral employment is regressed on a series of controls and on airline traffic. That framework is extended to take account of selection bias due to the location choices of airports and spatial spillover effects. It is found that the elasticity of service-sector employment to airport passengers is 0.045 and that of spillover effects due to neighbouring airports is almost 0.017.

Airport Activity and Local Development: Evidence from Italy

PERCOCO, MARCO
2010

Abstract

The role of infrastructure as a factor of growth and development of countries and regions is often considered to be crucial. Among the various types of transport infrastructure, airports are considered as particularly strategic because of the increasing importance of air transport in connecting territories. This paper studies the impact of airports on Italian provinces. To this end, it builds on the framework proposed by Brueckner, where sectoral employment is regressed on a series of controls and on airline traffic. That framework is extended to take account of selection bias due to the location choices of airports and spatial spillover effects. It is found that the elasticity of service-sector employment to airport passengers is 0.045 and that of spillover effects due to neighbouring airports is almost 0.017.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11565/3715729
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