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|Titolo:||A Methodology for Determining Interactions in Probabilistic Safety Assessment Models by Varying One Parameter at a Time|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Autori interni:||BORGONOVO, EMANUELE|
|Abstract:||In risk analysis problems, the decision-making process is supported by the utilization of quantitative models. Assessing the relevance of interactions is an essential information in the interpretation of model results. By such knowledge, analysts and decision-maker are able to understand whether risk is apportioned by individual factor contributions or by their joint action. However, models are oftentimes large, requiring a high number of input parameters, and complex, with individual model runs being time consuming. Computational complexity leads analysts to utilize one-parameter-at-a-time sensitivity methods, which prevent one from assessing interactions. In this work, we illustrate a methodology to quantify interactions in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) models by varying one-parameter-at-a-time. The method is based on a property of the functional ANOVA decomposition of a finite change that allows to exactly determine the relevance of factors when considered individually or together with their interactions with all other factors. A set of test cases illustrates the technique. We apply the methodology to the analysis of the Core Damage Frequency of the Large Loss of Coolant Accident of a nuclear reactor. Numerical results reveal the non-additive model structure, allow to quantify the relevance of interactions and to identify the direction of change (increase or decrease in risk) implied by individual factor variations and by their cooperation.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista Scientifica|
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