Most drugs used by children are prescribed by general pediatric practitioners (GPPs) in ambulatory settings. Prescription profiles are affected by GPPs' attitudes while the cost is related to the reimbursement modality. This study evaluated the Italian National Health Service (INHS) and family expenditures associated with prescribing practices to children younger than 12 years. Forty-two GPPs from southern Italy participated in the study. All visits recorded by GPPs during a 13-week period (February-April 1998), including telephone contacts and office and home visits were analyzed. The cost analysis of prescriptions is based on a sample of randomly selected consultations. INHS and family expenditures were evaluated according to reimbursement modalities for drug prescriptions. Total expenditure induced by all prescriptions during the study period was about 148 million Italian lire (7650 euros); 54% of this was borne by the INHS and the rest remaining by families. When corrections according to prescription modalities - following appropriate reimbursement form - were applied, only 49% of total expenditure were covered by INHS and 51% by families. Analysis of expenditures showed that drugs for symptomatic therapies (e.g., cough and cold preparations, analgesics, antipyretics) and vitamins accounted for most of the families' expenditure, while antibacterial and antiasthmatic drugs did so for the INHS. Of the ten most prescribed drugs the cost of three fell entirely on the family: paracetamol (the most commonly prescribed drug),morniflumate, and ambroxol. Therapeutic indications causing greatest expenditures for families were all the common,trivial childhood symptoms such as cough, fever, rhinitis, flu, and pharyngitis. Despite the universal coverage for pharmaceutical care more than one-half of drug therapy expenditures for children was covered directly by the parents. Prescription attitudes by GPPs remain the crucial factor for an equal cost distribution between families and the INHS.

Pharmacoeconomic analysis of prescriptions in Italian pediatric general practice.

TEDIOSI, FABRIZIO;
2002

Abstract

Most drugs used by children are prescribed by general pediatric practitioners (GPPs) in ambulatory settings. Prescription profiles are affected by GPPs' attitudes while the cost is related to the reimbursement modality. This study evaluated the Italian National Health Service (INHS) and family expenditures associated with prescribing practices to children younger than 12 years. Forty-two GPPs from southern Italy participated in the study. All visits recorded by GPPs during a 13-week period (February-April 1998), including telephone contacts and office and home visits were analyzed. The cost analysis of prescriptions is based on a sample of randomly selected consultations. INHS and family expenditures were evaluated according to reimbursement modalities for drug prescriptions. Total expenditure induced by all prescriptions during the study period was about 148 million Italian lire (7650 euros); 54% of this was borne by the INHS and the rest remaining by families. When corrections according to prescription modalities - following appropriate reimbursement form - were applied, only 49% of total expenditure were covered by INHS and 51% by families. Analysis of expenditures showed that drugs for symptomatic therapies (e.g., cough and cold preparations, analgesics, antipyretics) and vitamins accounted for most of the families' expenditure, while antibacterial and antiasthmatic drugs did so for the INHS. Of the ten most prescribed drugs the cost of three fell entirely on the family: paracetamol (the most commonly prescribed drug),morniflumate, and ambroxol. Therapeutic indications causing greatest expenditures for families were all the common,trivial childhood symptoms such as cough, fever, rhinitis, flu, and pharyngitis. Despite the universal coverage for pharmaceutical care more than one-half of drug therapy expenditures for children was covered directly by the parents. Prescription attitudes by GPPs remain the crucial factor for an equal cost distribution between families and the INHS.
R., Campi; L., Garattini; Tediosi, Fabrizio; M., Bonati
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11565/1156991
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